Everyone needs a routine blood test to be sure they are in great health. This is because you can monitor changes in your body from these tests, and from there, make critical decisions that will improve your general wellness. So, are you above 40 years?
Here are 10 essential blood tests you should have each year:
- Fibrinogen: The chances of a stroke and heart disease can be checked with the level of fibrinogen in the blood. Not only is an increased fibrinogen level indicative of heart disease, but it also points to an inflammatory disorder. Cases of this inflammation are glomerulonephritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Studies conducted lately show that a patient can die from a high level of fibrinogen in the body.
Several factors can reduce or improve fibrinogen levels in the body. These are:
- Nutritional aids: Fibrinogen can reduce to its normal level with certain kinds of diets. Folic acid, vitamin A niacin and fish oil are essential nutrients that can lower body fibrinogen. Get to a blood test clinic for help with this option.
- Changes in lifestyle and behaviour: When you balance your lifestyle with a behaviour change like performing more physical activities, it can reduce fibrinogen levels. Significantly, body fibrinogen may also get low with changes in lifestyle, such as when you stop smoking and lose weight.
- Complete blood count and chemistry panel: When done routinely, its essence is to ward off diseases that shouldn’t be in the body. From this test, your general health condition will be known even as the doctor recommends several preventive measures. Again, you can view the structure and know the health condition of organs like your kidney, liver, blood vessels and blood cells. With this test, you can better understand your platelets in terms of quantity, type, quality, concentration, and percentage. It also checks for possible infection and abnormalities in the body, including anaemia.
Put simply;the chemistry panel does the following screening:
- Blood glucose level for diagnosing diabetes, early-stage metabolic syndrome, and coronary artery disease.
- Total cholesterol levels, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein, to know the state of your cardiovascular system.
- Evaluation of essential body minerals like potassium, iron, and calcium.
- Haemoglobin A1C: It is critical for analysing glucose level in your body. Here, your blood sugar control for the past 2 to 3 months is measured. Most importantly, with the test, the risk of heart disease in diabetic and non-diabetic patients can be evaluated. For those with diabetes, a good level of haemoglobin will prevent complications from arising.
Nutritional therapies can work for patients with high levels ofhaemoglobin. Get a private doctor to learn of the possible dietary treatments that help reduce high haemoglobin levels.
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA): The male prostate gland secretes a protein called PSA. So, the test exclusively checks for signs of prostate cancer in the male body. When the PSA levels increase, it could be a sign of swollen prostate, prostate cancer or inflammation. Even if it doesn’t diagnose prostate cancer, it showed the infection in men when performed in the past.
For men that are 50 years and older, studies show they have a high risk of developing prostate cancer. So, it’s advised that from 40 to 45 years, PSA screening be done to prevent unusual body problems. Also, studies have revealed that these measures could help stop the chances of having prostate cancer:
- Natural therapies
- Many Mediterranean diets can fight against prostate cancer and other health conditions that old age brings
- Often, the extract from nettle root saw palmetto and pygeum can stop the occurrence of prostate cancer.
While these may work, affected persons must consult private clinics for better advice and care on prostate cancer.
- DHEA: This is an acronym for dehydroepiandrosterone. It precedes the sex hormones in both males and females. It identifies sexual problems in men and women. Studies show that high DHEA levels may be a sign of congenital adrenal hyperplasia – a group of diseases that show up when the adrenal glands are not producing glucocorticoids. Using natural therapies, DHEA levels can be improved, but patients having breast cancer or prostate cancer are not advised to use DHEA.
- Homocysteine: When methionine metabolises in the body, it produces homocysteine. A high level of this substance in the body may signify cognitive disorder, bone malfunction, and increased chances of a heart attack.
- C-reactive protein: Studies done in the past showed that with body inflammation comes several fatal diseases like muscular degeneration, cognitive decline, and coronary heart diseases. The C-reactive protein test identifies systemic inflammation in the body. It’s precise in detecting systemic inflammation that it has become a functional test for coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular system diseases.
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone: This helps to control thyroid secretion inside the body. A low and below-average blood level shows that thyroid activity has increased in the body. For blood level below normal, thyroid activity in the body is low. An optimal test for evaluating thyroid function in the body is the measurement of thyroid-stimulating hormone.
- Testosterone: The male testes produce testosterone, so does the female ovaries. Even the adrenal glands in men and women produce testosterone. As you grow older, your testosterone levels reduce; it happens in men and women. Testosterone works differently in males and females.
In men: Bioactive testosterone, which prevents heart disease, mental depression, osteoporosis and abdominal obesity, can be measured to see if it’s enough using the free testosterone levels in the male body. As testosterone levels reduce with age, different health conditions sometimes come with it. They include erectile dysfunction (ED), metabolic syndrome, low libido, depression, and high abdominal fat. Studies also reveal that with low testosterone levels, one is at risk of ischemic heart disease.
In women: Depression, low libido and health loss are sometimes associated with low testosterone level in women. Post-menopausal women may experience low testosterone level, libido, and mood. Research shows that the amount produced is enough to help a woman keep up muscle strength and sexual function. The right testosterone level in women supports a healthy state, libido, and vascular health. Some supplements can drive testosterone level to be optimal – see a clinic for further information.
- Estradiol: The primary function of this is to spread estrogen within the body. It indicates hypothalamic and pituitary functions. Men and women need estrogen for varying physiological functions. However, the amount of estradiol produced by men is lesser than what women produce.
Testosterone and adrenal steroid hormones produce estradiol in men, while ovaries, peripheral tissues, and adrenal glands produce estradiol in women. Research believes that bone mineral density in women decreases with a low level of estradiol. Then in older men, the risk of vertebral structure is high with a reduction in estradiol levels. See a qualified doctor for blood screening to know which prescription therapy can help you.
It may be stressful to undergo routine blood tests, but your present and future health conditions get better with it. Regular blood tests evaluate your health condition and expose essential symptoms that may not show up initially. Get a private blood test in London.