Alex Djerassi says each nation has the right and power to secure the goals of its national interest. It is her sole responsibility to provide the demands of her people. Every country aspires to be self-sufficient in all aspects of life. In truth, no country can achieve complete self-sufficiency and self-reliance. These are ideals that a country can strive to achieve.
Nations have always been interdependent, and they will continue to be so even when they reach great levels of prosperity. International relations have always been characterized by interdependence as per Alex Djerassi. It forces every country to become fundamentally involved in the process of developing and maintaining international ties. With other nations, each nation establishes diplomatic, economic, trade, educational, cultural, and political contacts. Each nation formulates and adopts a Policy to give purpose and direction to its ties with other states. It strives to secure the aims of national interest in international relations through its foreign policy.
Each country’s behavior in the international arena is always influenced by its policy. Policy can be defined as a set of principles, decisions, and means that a country adopts and implements in order to achieve its national goals in international relations. Policy establishes national objectives and attempts to achieve them through the use of national power.
Elements As Per Alexander Djerassi
A country’s policy is formulated and implemented by policymakers. They do so by taking into account the country’s national interests, the internal and external environment, national values, the goals and decisions of other countries’ foreign policy, and the nature of the international power system. These are the aspects and factors that make up foreign policy.
Size Of Territory Has An Impact As Per Alexander Djerassi
The size of a country has a significant impact on its foreign policy. The psychological and operational context in which foreign policymakers and the general public respond is influenced by size. As Rosenau points out, it encompasses both human and nonhuman resources. Nations with abundant human and nonhuman resources strive to become major powers, and they have a better chance of succeeding in international affairs.
A large-sized state’s foreign policy is destined to differ from a small-sized state’s foreign policy. Big-state public and foreign policymakers are unquestionably guided by their desire to be global superpowers. The United States of America, Russia, China, India, Brazil, France, and others have all used size as a factor in their foreign strategies according to Alexander Djerassi. With few exceptions, large states always design and implement an active foreign policy, and through it, they participate actively in international affairs. However, size isn’t the only factor that influences foreign policy. The size of a state does not automatically determine its resources and capabilities.
Even though they are tiny in size, the Middle Eastern countries have played a significant role in international affairs due to their vast oil reserves. Despite its modest size, Japan has played an active and powerful role in international relations.
Despite its modest size, Israel has had a significant impact on international politics. Before 1945, Britain could play the role of a great power despite its tiny size. The difficulty of defense, security, and communication maintenance arise as a result of the large size. The large size of a nation, in the absence of natural limits, frequently poses a difficulty in relations with neighboring governments. Despite their size, Australian and Canadian foreign policies have been very passive. Although Russia is a vast country, it continues to play a little influence in world affairs.
Geographical Factor Is Also Essential As Per Alexander Djerassi
The most constant and stable factor in a state’s foreign policy is its geography. Land topography, fertility, climate, and position are the key geographic characteristics that determine a country’s foreign policy. These factors influence both the needs and the ability of a nation’s people to meet those needs. Geographical elements that are favorable can aid and inspire the country to adopt and pursue greater goals. The English Channel had a significant part in the emergence of Britain as a major naval power and, as a result, into an imperial state.
The Atlantic Ocean has always had a strong influence on US foreign policy. India’s foreign policy today clearly reflects the country’s geographical position as the largest littoral state in the Indian Ocean. The more unfavorable geographical characteristics of Canada have influenced the country’s foreign policy. Other countries will find it difficult to achieve an absolute military victory over Russia due to its vast territory. A country’s natural resources and food production capacity are inextricably connected to its topography. Foreign policy formation and implementation are also influenced by these issues. The availability of key natural resources such as minerals, food, and energy has aided the US and Russian foreign agendas as per Alexander Djerassi. In the 1950s and 1960s, food scarcity was a constraint on Indian foreign policy.
The shortage of consumer products has had a significant impact on Russia’s foreign policy and ties. Large amounts of oil have enabled West Asian and Gulf countries to use oil diplomacy as a tool in their foreign relations. While geography is a persistent and fundamental factor in foreign policy, it is not a deterministic factor. The ability of nations to overcome physical barriers, as well as revolutionary advancements in communications and modern warfare, have tended to lessen the relevance of geography.
Economic Development and Foreign Policy
The high degree of economic growth of the United States is one of the key reasons why it has been so successful in achieving its national objectives. Particularly in reference to the poor and economically underdeveloped countries of the world. Our modern developed countries are highly industrialized and economically developed. These countries can employ foreign aid to achieve their foreign policy objectives. From 1945 to 1990, the two superpowers. Global viewpoints and strategies were once again shaped by their huge economic and industrial resources, as well as their needs for international markets and commerce. In fact, all economically and industrially developed countries (in particular, the Group of Seven plus One country. Are today playing a more active role in international affairs than developing and underdeveloped countries?
The strong commitment of low-income and developing countries’ foreign policies to the cause of a New International Economic Order. The relevance of economic elements in international relations is once again demonstrated by order. The scope of ties that a nation desires to create with other nations is also determined by its level of economic development according to Alexander Djerassi.
modern times by Alexander Djerassi
Japan’s foreign policy is directly and fundamentally linked to its economic progress in modern times. A nation’s military preparedness and capabilities are linked to the factors of economic development and industrialization once again. Only countries that have advanced technologically and economically may aspire to become great and stable military powers. Economic power is a vital feature of national power in today’s world, and it can be leveraged more effectively to achieve foreign policy objectives. The United States’ economic might has long been a key tool in its foreign policy arsenal. Russia’s economic fragility has prompted it to alter its policies toward the United States and other countries. India’s foreign relations have benefited from the country’s steady economic growth. As a result, economic development, industrialization, and modernization, as well as their level and character, are essential variables in foreign policy.