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JavaScript Introduction (Complete Guide to Beginner )

  •  JavaScript is a user-sideobject-based scripting language, which can use to manage and verify data from clients. It can also be used in creating the interface for users on web pages more dynamic by making it more responsive to events such as the mouse’s movements. The mouse’s click on an HTML element as well as a button click. So on, which can enhance the user experience.

    JavaScript is a light scripting programming language built-in ECMAScript standard. It runs in the browser, which decreases the load for servers. It can utilize to develop cross-platform applications and SaaS applications To build back-end server-side applications using NodeJS.

    The language is interpreter language meaning

    The script written within Javascript is executed line by line and not compiled before processing.

    These scripts translate by a JavaScript interpreter, an inbuilt component that is part of the Web browser. Currently, Just-in-Time compilation is utilized for JavaScript. However, this has been changing recently due to the introduction of the V8 engine within Chrome and NodeJS.

    Script. It has been deemed to be Platform Independent, Which means that you only need create the code. Once and then run it on any browser or platform without altering its output.

    JavaScript was previously called LiveScript, was created in collaboration with Netscape as well as Sun Microsystems. It also called ECMAScript because the European Computer Manufacturer’s Association(ECMA) made the standardization.

    The most recent changes included ECMAScript6, ES7, ES8, ES9, ES10 and the most recent ECMAScript2020, which began at the year. While you must update your system with the latest options, ECMAScript6 is the biggest. We’ll be talking more details about it after this tutorial series.

    Browsers make use of the browser’s specific engines to run their JavaScript code. A few commonly used Browsers are listed here:

    • Chrome runs on the V8 machine.
    • Firefox utilizes SpiderMonkey, the SpiderMonkey engine.
    • Microsoft Edge uses the ChakraCore engine.
    • Safari makes use of the SquirrelFish engine.

    Web Development Roadmap:

    If you’re a novice If you are a beginner, we suggest that you master HTML and master CSS initially. Then it will be much easier for you to grasp. Web development is the process of developing websites. HTML can described as the fundamental building block. 

    It is employed to build basic websites that include hyperlinks, images, forms, and other elements. Then, CSS is used to style the different HTML elements to give them a professional look. CSS is a method of providing style for your HTML elements, and today every website built uses CSS.

    Would you please get familiar with SASS and CSS? It is a brand-new language. JavaScript allows us to write dynamic styling rules like any other programming language. It can convert it to CSS code that can later use on some HTML pages.

    Validate web pages dynamic and responsive to changes in the environment. Then there’s JavaScript that is, as we said, a scripting programming language that utilized to handle. It enables features such as cookies and local storage, and many more.

    Let’s look at some of the features.

    JavaScript Features

    Below are some of the most beneficial characteristics:

    • Light Weight
    • Dynamically Typed
    • Object-Based
    • Functional
    • Platform Independent
    • Prototype-based
    • Interpreted
    • Asynchronous

    Let’s find out what all these terms refer to:


     JavaScript is a lightweight scripting language since it is designed to handle data on the level of browsers. It is not a general-purpose programming language; it comes with a small number of libraries.

    Dynamic Typed

    allows dynamic typing, which means that the variables’ types are determined based on the stored value. For instance, if you declare the variable x and you want to hold either a string or a numeral type value. It is called the dynamic type.

    Obsolete-Based Language:

     JavaScipt, an object-based programming language that comes with built-in objects such as Math, String, Date and many more.

    Functional Style

    This means that JavaScript utilizes a functional approach that even creates objects through constructor functions. Every constructor function has an individual object type.


    This implies that it is platform-independent, or you could declare it to be portable. It means that you can write your script once and then run it at any time and anywhere.

    Script. The general rule is that you can create any of your applications. Then run it on every platform or browser without altering how the application runs.

    Prototype-based javascript 

    is an introductory scripting language. It uses prototypes as opposed to classes. In JavaScript, every constructor function is linked to an object prototype. It isn’t straightforward, but think of this in the following way: 

    we have classes in Java that function as an outline. We construct objects for that category( Understand the concept of Classes, Objects and the OOP).

     In JavaScript, we define an object prototype that is used to create additional objects. Do not worry If you aren’t sure about this at the moment. You’ll be able to understand this when you continue through the course.


    It is an interpreter. The script written within javascript is processed line by one and not compiled before execution(although this is slowly changing due to the various engines developed by multiple browsers)—the scripts processed by the interpreter are a built-in part of the Web browser.


    JavaScript is used to carry out complex operations. Asynchronously, which means that the entire webpage does not need to wait around for processing. Once the script processing is complete, we can alter the HTML code to display or hide information.

    We can also use Javascript to make HTTP requests that are async directly to servers to process server-side requests.

    Advantages of JavaScript

    It has many positives that make it effective as a scripting tool. The following are a few:

    1. It can make the web page more dynamic and interactive.
    2. Utilizing, you can design your site’s pages to give users instant feedback that they do not need to refresh the page.
    3. It is possible to use JavaScript to execute actions based on how users interact with your site by generating events such as mouse clicks and form submission, button clicks and much more.
    4. It can reduce servers from traffic by verifying inputs from the user before making data available to servers.
    5. JavaScript can store cookies on the client-side to store information on the client’s side and then use them to read or delete them.
    6. JavaScript can employ to make HTTP calls async transfer data onto servers.

    Limitations of JavaScript

    JavaScript is not without its limitations, as are listed below:

    1. As with Java and other general-purpose programming languages, JavaScript cannot write multi-threading code or multiprocessor code…
    2. Core JavaScript isn’t suitable to develop networking applications, However. There are frameworks like NodeJS that can use to develop this.
    3. JavaScript is only utilized on the client-side, i.e. to develop front-end applications.
    4. JavaScript processed within the browser. And when a user disables JavaScript within their web browsers, no JavaScript script will run if you’re validating the form’s values with JavaScript. Suppose a person visiting your website turns JavaScript off. In the browser of their choice, the form validation will cease to function.
    5. JavaScript can open many doors and openings for hackers and security researchers to experiment with the web.


    Now, you’ve got a quick overview of JavaScript. In the next tutorials, we will go over the fundamentals of JavaScript.

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