Not all menstrual cycles are predictable. Some women get their periods on schedule every 28 days; others are left wondering when their periods will arrive. Some might skip a month entirely, and others may vary from one cycle to the next. So, Before jumping to the effects of irregular periods on the body, let’s discover what is considered a period.
A period is the part of a women’s menstrual cycle in which her uterus lining, the endometrium, is shed. This results in bleeding from the womb, which is released from the body through the vagina. Periods are a sign that a girl is reaching puberty.
As we know that every woman is different, and so are her periods. Some get their period 24 to 38 days, while some get after 50 days. Cycles that are continuously irregular have severe impacts on short and long-term health, which requires medical attention. So in this blog, I’m going to explain every single impact of periods on woman’s body and how you can treat them.
Irregular Periods Symptoms
- Periods occurring more than 35 days or less than 21 days apart
- If a clot of more than 2.5 cm appears
- Missing three or more than three periods in a row
- A lighter or heavier menstrual flow than usual
- Periods lasting longer than seven days
- Periods accompanied by pain, nausea, cramping, or vomiting.
- Spotting or bleeding between periods, following sex, or after menopause
A menstrual cycle lasts around 28 days, but it can vary from 24 days to 35 days, depending on the individual.
Most women have between 11 and 13 menstrual periods each year. Bleeding usually lasts around 5 days, but this too can vary, from 2 to 7 days.
When menstruation first starts, it can take up to 2 years to establish a regular cycle. After puberty, most women’s menstruation is regular. The length of time between each period is similar.
However, the time between periods and the amount of hemorrhage vary greatly for some women. This is referred to as irregular menstruation.
When the period lasts more than 35 days or varies in duration, this is a sign of irregular menstruation.
Changes in blood flow or the appearance of clots larger than 2.5 cm in diameter are also deemed irregular.
Causes Of Irregular Menstruation And Solution
A variety of causes contribute to irregular menstruation. The majority are related to hormone production. Estrogen and progesterone are the two hormones that influence menstruation. These are the hormones that keep the cycle in check.
Puberty, menopause, pregnancy and childbirth, and breastfeeding are among life cycle changes that affect hormone balance.
The body changes dramatically during puberty. It can take years for oestrogen and progesterone levels to normalize, and irregular periods are frequent during this time.
Women commonly have irregular periods before menopause, and the volume of bloodshed varies. Menopause happens after a woman has had her last menstrual cycle for 12 months. A lady will no longer have periods after she has reached menopause.
Menstruation quits during pregnancy, and most women do not have periods while breastfeeding.
Contraception can result in irregular bleeding. An IUD can induce excessive bleeding, but the contraceptive pill can cause spotting between periods.
When a woman initially starts using the contraceptive pill, she may suffer little bleeding that is shorter and lighter than usual periods. These often disappear within a few months.
The causes and solution of a sudden change in menstrual cycle length are as under:
Causes Of Irregular Periods In 20s
- Eating disorders
- Hormonal imbalance
- Excessive exercise
- Being underweight or overweight
- Medicines and drugs
Other Irregular Periods Reasons
Some of the other causes of irregular periods include:
- early pregnancy
- puberty can be another cause as you might have irregular periods for the first year or two
- the start of menopause is usually between 45 and 55 years of age
- hormonal contraception
- some medical conditions such as thyroid problems or polycystic ovary syndrome
Side Effects Of Irregular Periods
- Light bleeding
- Heavy bleeding
- Cramping or intense pain
- Bleeding or spotting between menstruation
- Vomiting or nausea
- Bleeding or spotting after sex
Diagnosing Irregular Periods
To diagnose your irregular periods and determine the underlying reason, your doctor always asks you when you have your last period and the symptoms you are experiencing. After having the record of your menstrual cycle and your medical history, your doctor will run some additional tests to reach out to the cause.
Tests might include:
- Pelvic ultrasounds
- Blood tests
- Pap smears
- Urine collection
- Pregnancy tests
Irregular Periods Treatment For Unmarried
Periods in unmarried females are usually regulated by practicing Yoga, maintaining a healthy weight, doing exercise, and intaking vitamins daily. Sometimes medications are also given to regulate their periods.
Irregular Periods Treatment For Married
Doing regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, and managing stress can regulate the periods in married women too. Moreover, taking birth control only when prescribed by the doctor will also work to regulate the periods. In rare cases, some other interventions are also considered, which include: removal of the uterus, clearing of the uterine lining, removal of fibroids, and blocking blood flow to the uterus through uterine artery embolization. Some medications also help in treating irregular periods.
Consultation with a healthcare provider
Show your cycle history to your healthcare professional when you speak with them. Inform them as well if you’ve recently observed any strange changes in your body, such as unexplained abdominal pain, difficulties controlling your weight, or unusual hair growth on your face or body. This can assist them in determining what is causing your period irregularity.
A healthcare provider will most likely ask you questions about your symptoms, as well as your medical and menstrual history, and will likely perform a simple physical exam. They may also: in some cases:
- Inquire about your entire medical and surgical history, as well as your social and familial history.
- Check the levels of hormones and carbohydrates in the blood through blood testing. They will often look for testosterone, thyroid hormone, prolactin, and sugar metabolism testing.
- A pelvic ultrasound (sonogram) of your ovaries and uterus should be performed.
Managing a clinically irregular cycle will assist you in meeting both short-term goals, such as having a more regular period or becoming pregnant and long-term goals, such as remaining healthy and well.
Name Of Tablets To Regulate Periods
- Medroxyprogesterone – Medroxyprogesterone treats abnormal periods or irregular bleeding of the vagina. It makes the menstrual cycle normal in those women who had regular periods in the past but have irregular now. It is an inexpensive drug and prevents the overgrowth of the uterine lining in women who take estrogen after menopause.
- Primolut N – Primolut N is used in different circumstances. It treats irregular, heavy, or painful periods. Moreover, it treats endometriosis in which a tissue of the womb lining is present in places where it is not commonly found. It also treats premenstrual syndrome, which is also called premenstrual tension.
- Norethisterone – This tablet treats painful, heavy, irregular, or those periods which are frequent than normal. It also is used for premenstrual tension. Moreover, it treats endometriosis and breast cancer.
- Progesterone – Progesterone is not an expensive drug and is used to treat abnormal bleeding or missed periods caused by hormonal imbalance. It is more popular than other comparable drugs.
Due to unhealthy lifestyles, females miss their periods more often. If you are having irregular periods and need medical advice, you can consult a Gynecologist via Marham. Pk.