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Health and Fitness

Understanding Periodontal Disease 

You are not alone if your dentist tells you you have gum disease. According to recent research by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this condition, also known as periodontitis or periodontal disease , affects over half of all Americans over 30. When left untreated, tooth loss is a common occurrence. However, tooth loss is no longer necessary, with so many effective periodontitis treatment options available for advanced gum disease. 

This article will discuss the symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options for gum disease. Speak to a dentist about dental implants in Las Vegas today, and they can put your mind at ease by helping you to make confident decisions about how to manage your gum disease. 

What is periodontitis? 

Periodontitis is a dangerous gum infection. It is caused by germs that have accumulated on the gums and teeth. Periodontitis can cause bone and tooth damage as it advances. The damage, however, can be halted if periodontitis is treated early and adequate dental hygiene is maintained. 

What are the stages of periodontitis? 

Periodontitis begins as inflammation and progresses over time. 

Inflammation (gingivitis)

Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, is the precursor of periodontitis. One of the earliest indicators of gingivitis is bleeding gums when brushing or flossing teeth. You may also notice some tooth discoloration. This is known as a plaque. Plaque is a bacterium, and food debris deposits on your teeth. Bacteria are constantly present in your mouth but only become hazardous when conditions allow them to multiply rapidly. This might happen if you do not brush, floss, or undergo regular teeth cleanings. 

Early periodontal disease 

Periodontitis causes your gums to recede or pull away from your teeth and tiny pockets to form between your gums and teeth in the early stages. The pockets are a breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms. As your immune system fights the infection, your gum tissue retreats. You will most likely feel bleeding during brushing and flossing and bone loss. 

Moderate periodontal disease 

If mild periodontal disease is allowed to worsen, you may endure bleeding, discomfort, and gum recession. Your teeth will begin to loosen and lose bone support. In addition, the infection may cause an inflammatory reaction throughout your body. 

Advanced periodontal disease 

The connective tissue that supports your teeth in place begins to degenerate in severe illness. The gums, bones, and other supporting tissue for your teeth are destroyed. You may have significant discomfort when chewing, severe bad breath, and a foul taste in your mouth if you have advanced periodontitis. You will most likely lose your teeth. 

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